Gongsanseong Fortress is a representative ancient fortress from Baekje Dynasty and it protected capital city for 64 years over 5 generations since King Munju transferred the capital from Han River basin during his first year (475) until King Seong transferred the capital again to Boyeo during his 16th year (538). The fortress embracing the valley was made by piling up the soil along the ridge which is at an altitude of 100m and valley.
It was also addressed as Woongjinseong Fortress during Baekje Dynasty, Gongjusanseong Fortress during Goryeo Dynasty, Gongsanseong Fortress after Goryeo Dynasty and Ssangsusanseong Fortress after Injo stayed at the fortress after escaping from insurrection initiated by Igwal in 1624. It was rebuilt during Seonjo and Injio into Stone Fortressas now and history by period can be seen at Gongsanseong Fortress as it was continuously utilized. Fortress was made not to be invaded from outside while having 2 gate towers and hidden gate in the South and North. Gongjuoknyeobongseong Fortress(Chungcheongnam-do monument No. 99) next to Gongsanseong Fortress was made by piling soil and it served as an auxiliary fortress of Gongsanseong Fortress.
It was confirmed by excavation research, Palace site, affiliated facility site and earthen fortress from Baekje Dynasty were found. In addition, Gongsanseong Fortress has beautiful natural environment with Geumgang River on the top of its historical background.
Gongsanseong Fortress has Yeongdongru, Geumseoru, Jinnamru and Gongbukru at cardinal points that lead every direction and Yeongeunsa Temple in the center. Different lifestyle of Baekje can be observed from Gwangbokru or Meyongguksamjangbi memorial stone.
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Source : http://tour.gongju.go.kr
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